A Brief background & history of Plitvice Lakes
It has been said that Plitvice has the most enchanting lakes and waterfalls in Europe located in Plitvice Lakes National Park (Nacionalni park Plitvička Jezera), the largest national park in Croatia. Unsurprisingly, the area’s overwhelming beauty has inspired many mysterious stories, like the legend of the Black Queen and the mysterious Gavanovo Treasure. Founded in 1949, it is also one of the oldest national parks in Southeast Europe. But, of course, Plitvice’s history goes back much further than that. Let’s explore a little bit of that today.
Three Mysterious Legends about Plitvice Lakes
90 Waterfalls and 16 Lakes
Before we get to the three legends, I should tell you some background information about the extraordinary area. Plitvice Lakes National Park is famed for its 16 cascading lakes and more than 90 waterfalls.
Most of all, the lakes are celebrated for their fluctuating water colours. These colours range from a bright emerald green, a deep blue, or a faded grey. The lakes are continuously changing colour according to the amount of minerals or organisms, as well as the angle of sunlight. The most important ingredient causing the water to turn blue or green is calcium carbonate from limestone rocks.
The Upper Lakes and the Legend of the Black Queen
The Upper Lakes consist of 12 lakes in total, in descending order: Prošćansko, Ciginovac, Okrugljak, Batinovac, Veliko, Malo, Vir, Galovac, Milino, Gradinsko, Veliki Burget, and Kozjak. The largest lakes in the Plitvice system are Prošćansko and Kozjak, which are also furthest apart from each other. The difference in height between the two lakes is about 100 m.
Prošćansko Lake is connected to the “Legend of the Black Queen.” The legend about ‘Prošnja’ tells the story about a period of drought in the region. Inhabitants called upon the magic queen to help them, to which she responded by creating the Plitvice lakes, Prošćansko jezero being the first one.
The legend about ‘Prošnja’ tells the story about a period of drought in the region. Inhabitants called upon the magic queen to help them, to which she responded by creating the Plitvice lakes.
The lakes are each separated from each other by travertine barriers, created by the deposition of limestone in the water. The water’s continuous downward flow from lakes into barriers into the next lake (etc.) also creates a chain of waterfalls, including the 25 metres high Galovački buk (Galovac Waterfall).
The Lower Lakes and the Legend of the Gavanovo Treasure
The Lower Lakes (Milanovic, Gavanovac, Kaluđerovac) are inside a porous limestone canyon. There is an accessible boardwalk between Gavanovac and Kaluđerovac lakes, from which you can see lots of fish swimming around in the ultra-clear water. Gavanovac Lake takes its name from the Gavanovo treasure, which is allegedly still hiding somewhere in the lake.
The Lower Lakes area also includes the Great Waterfall (Veliki Slap), the highest waterfall in Croatia. The waterfall results from Plitvica Stream’s sudden plummet over the 78-metres-high limestone cliffs into the Lower Lakes canyon. The 4 km long Plitvica Stream never dries out and is the park’s third largest water source.
Šupljara Cave and the Legend of the Wise Monk
The Lower Lakes canyon area also includes the limestone Šupljara Cave. The humid cave has a constant temperature of about 10.5°C. This creates unique conditions, only suitable for specially adapted cave fauna. Examples of these cave species are pseudoscorpions, crickets, and millipedes.
According to the legend, the monk either lived in the Šupljara or GolubnjačaCave. Historic reports say that people used to come to the Plitvice lakes and visit the monk to ask for advice.
The Šupljara Cave is also the subject of a legend about a wise monk (kaluđer). According to the legend, the monk either lived in the Šupljara or GolubnjačaCave. Historic reports say that people used to come to the Plitvice lakes and visit the monk to ask for advice.
Korana River: Protected Canyons
The Korana River begins where the Plitvica Stream transforms into waterfalls. These are the waterfalls of Lake Novakovića Brod in the Lower Lakes area. This is about 10 metres downstream of the Great Waterfall. Known for its emerald green water, the river continues its 143 km course through a long stretch of canyon towards Golubnjača Cave (where the monk may have lived).